The Criminal Sentiments Scale (Andrews, 1985) is a 41-entry self-report inquiry form which measures fundamental dimensions of criminal opinions or attitudes towards the police, forbearance for law violations, law itself and the courts. Criminal Sentiment Scale as a rehabilitative program can be used in Correctional Institutions to predict re-offending risk and evaluate treatment needs of inmates which may vary from acute to chronic, minimal to severe and isolated and pervasive.
Theoretical foundations for risk prediction are important in coming up with an effective assessment method that accurately guides interventions among offenders. Such information can be used to conduct and inform assessment and manage aberrant populations (Andrews et al., 1985; Howells & Day, 1999; Howells, Watt, Hall, & Baldwin, 1997; Monohan, 1996).
By predicting re-offending risk professionals dealing with criminals will be able to understand violence and help manage it, they can also manage anger among inmates and prevent relapses. For instance, numerous factors have been identified as conjecturers of offending behaviour in juveniles, including contextual and individual factors, such as peers, family and school (Grisso, 1998; Hoge & Andrews, 1985; Loeber & Farrington, 1998). Adolescents with an early history of problematic families and behavioural problems are most likely to develop antisocial behaviours during adulthood.
Research shows that effective correctional or rehabilitative programs, those which minimize recidivism rates, are characterized by several factors. Such programs should target convicts who are at a greater risk of re-offending. Treatment should also be reserved for needy inmates as indicated by the treatment needs assessments such as the Criminal Sentiments Scale. Giving high intensity treatment to low risk criminals may cause more harm than good by widely exposing them to criminals with severe anti-social attitudes or behaviour. The Criminal Sentiments scale can help professional to have a better understanding of criminals, and manage them with easy while putting into consideration their diverse needs.
In conclusion, the benefits of applying the Criminal Sentiment Scale in managing inmates are numerous but for this to work effectively, professionals dealing with such people need to evaluate the treatment needs of offenders so as to reduce re-offending risk and reconstruct antisocial behaviour.
Andrews, D.A. (1985). Notes on a Battery of Paper-and-Pencil Instruments: Part 1:
Assessments of Attitudes and Personality in Corrections. Carleton University, Department of Psychology, 1985.
No related essays.