Application: Learning Strategies Lesson
The learning process is something that every student has to go through. In order for students to effectively absorbed and understands the lessons that are taught in a particular course that they are taking, it is important that proficient strategies are implemented. Teaching strategies are essential ways by which an educator can better address the needs of his or her students. However, teachers have to deal with numerous students who tend to be very diverse and different from each other. Being the case, educators have to think of means by which they could be able to effectively deal with each one of them. The situation gets even more complicated when there is a particular student who has special needs as he or she is suffering from a learning disability.
As a high school math teacher, I also experience this same incident. I have a student who has dyscalculia, a learning disability that involves life-long difficulties in understanding concepts and operations related to mathematics. This greatly concerns me since this student is having difficulties in understanding the lessons as well as adapting to the pace of the teaching. Due to this, I have to think of teaching strategies that can attend to the distinct needs of this student.
The area that I will focus on is about the subject that I teach which is mathematics. More specifically I will deal with high school math since this is the grade level of the students that I handle. In line with this, I will highlight on a particular lesson, which is word problems as they relate to mathematics. Moreover, the focal point of this teaching strategy that I will implement is especially created and designed for one of my students who have dyscalculia.
Since I would deal with word problems that are math related, it is important to determine the components that are involved in this kind of lesson. First, the student must learn the necessary math concepts and operations that are involved in the problem. Second, the student should also have the necessary skill in order to analyze the problems that are presented in paragraph form. These show that two important skills must be developed namely: the ability of the student to comprehend math concepts and operations and his skill in understanding expository paragraphs. As such, the teaching strategies that I will implement are SQ3R and other methods that are applicable with a child who has dyscalculia.
The teachings strategies I will use will be conducted in an individual level because I am dealing with a special student that has a learning disability. Before the teaching proper take place, I have to make the necessary measures in order to identify the level of the student’s disability. I can accomplish this through the cooperative partnership that I will establish among the parents of the student and other professionals who are knowledgeable in dealing with dyscalculia. After, knowing the level of the student’s capacity and skills I can plan and prepare for the necessary materials and tools that I can use in our teaching sessions.
In order for the student to understand math concepts and terms, I will use a different approach in teaching math facts. A good example will be the multiplication table wherein instead of simply memorizing it I have to explain to the student the concept behind it and how the operation takes place. Another way is by teaching the student how to estimate first before proceeding to solving math problems. In relation to this the SQ3R strategy is also beneficial especially in teaching the student how to comprehend word problems (Laureate, 2004). This could be applied by giving easy and concrete examples that the student can relate to and then connecting it with more abstract and complicated application. This strategy is also helpful in encouraging the student to ask questions and express their difficulties in areas that they do not understand. Moreover, simple materials like using a graph paper will aide the student in organizing his thoughts if he is having hard time doing it on paper and providing a workplace that is conducive for learning wherein there are few distractions will also substantially help in effective learning (National Center for Learning Disabilities, 2008).
Lastly, the independent use of this strategy is possible by training the student to understand how this process of learning works. In line with this, since there is an established cooperative partnership with the parents of the student, I could also teach this strategy to them so that they could continue this kind of learning at home. The parents could facilitate this teaching strategy to their son in order to train him more until he can do it on his own.
Laureate Education. (2004). Strong Administrative Leadership.
National Center for Learning Disabilities. (2008). Dyscalculia. Retrieved October 1, 2008, from
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