Topic: 32096667 Anything related to radioactivity or the nucleus
Specifications: 1 Page, 1 Source, MLA Style
Description: Preferred language style: English (U.S.); Requirements the commentary should include: 100-300 words in length; A two- or three-sentence summary of the article’s main point; A short discussion on how the article relates to the material in the course; A statement about why the article is important; The COMPLETE WEB ADDRESS of your source.
Radioactive (I-131) Therapy
Radioactive (I-131) Therapy is a treatment method in which isotopes of iodine are utilized to treat certain medical disorders especially of the thyroid such as thyroid cancers, thyroid nodules, goiters, hyperthyroidism, and Graves disease. The I-131 emits high-energy waves (radiation), which helps to destroy abnormal thyroid tissue. These are conditions in which the thyroid gland becomes overactive releasing higher amount of the thyroid hormone thus speeding up the metabolism in the body and resulting in the development of various symptoms (such as a mass in the neck, weight loss, sweating, palpitations, rise in the blood pressure, etc). The individual is given a concentrated solution of I-131, which has to be swallowed. This solution then enters the gastrointestinal tract, from where it goes into the blood stream. In the blood stream, the I-131 solution has affinity for the thyroid tissue and moves into the thyroid gland. The substance demonstrates some radioactivity where it emits radiation slowly destroying the thyroid tissue. This radioactivity occurs for a day or two. The effects on the thyroid gland can be felt only after a month or two, when the secretion by the overactive thyroid gland decreases. The individual being administered I-131 therapy should avoid contact with pregnant women, children and babies, as the iodine can have a harmful effect on their health. Pregnant or lactating women and young children should not be administered I-131 therapy. Following I-131 therapy, small amounts of the iodine actually leave the body through the urine and the stools. The individual should take certain precautions during this period (RSNA, 2006).
Summary – One of the beneficial aspects of radioactivity in the field of medicine has been the use of the isotope Iodine-131 in the treatment of several disorders involving an overactive thyroid gland. I-131 has high affinity for the thyroid gland, and following administration of the drug in the form of an oral solution; it enters the thyroid gland, where it demonstrates some radioactivity and releases radiation, which gradually destroy portions of the abnormal thyroid gland. Slowly the thyroid gland activity would return to normal and the individual is cured of the thyroid disorder (RSNA, 2006).
The article is presented by the Radiological Society of North America and has been updated in the year 2006. The article presents a breakthrough use of nuclear science in the field of medicine. I-131 therapy has not proved to be a beneficial application of nuclear science and offers an effective mode of treatment for several disorders.
Application of nuclear science in the field of medicine has to be improved. Nuclear sciences have promised a lot for medicine and the healthcare industry. Those studying nuclear medicine should try to improve the current technology and also bring out technology, which could help bring out cures for several diseases such as cancers.
Radiological Society of North America. “Radioactive Iodine (I-131) Therapy.” Radiology Info. 2006. RSNA. 11 Oct. 2007 http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=radioiodine
No related essays.