Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
Ancient Greece is one of the most influential civilizations that influence our day to day life. Most of the philosophers, scientist and mathematicians were from Greece and came up with laws that are used even in the modern world. The ancient Greece has greatly influenced the politics, language, educational aspects, science and arts. The ancient Greece also had a lot of influence on the Roman Empire until they were defeated by the Romans in the battle of Corinth after which the Romans ruled most of Europe and Asia and are known to have given rise to the western civilization. The rise of the Greece was successful after several civilization collapses for instance the Bronze Age and Greek dark ages. The Greek adopted some ideas from other civilizations modified them to give rise to their own way of learning and living for example the adoption of the Phoenician alphabet and modified it to the Greek alphabet.
The ancient Rome started in Italy from a farming village and became one of the largest Empires in world’s history. It was started by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus at about 10 B.C till 5 A.D when the Empire split into independent kingdoms after its instability and collapse. The Roman Empire had good organization before it split and is known to have contributed to the modern world in the fields of law, literature, architecture and technology. Roman republic was later formed at around 509 B.C which was well structured with a constitution that governed the republic. As the Roman Empire conquered more colonies it eventually became an Empire. There were annual election of magistrates and assembly representatives. The leaders of the magistrates were the consuls who were advised by a senate and as the Empire continued to expand by conquering new territories and colonies more leaders and magistrates were added to the consul.
Statement on Greece and Rome civilizations
These two civilizations led to the modern world way of life for instance learning, ruling, building, worshipping and fighting in wars and also following most of the principles and laws stipulated or discovered during the time of these two civilizations. These two civilizations had a lot of similarities and differences many areas and also had some similarities. The ancient Greece the government was divided into city states which had their own governments and leaders. The people of these city states were divided depending on whether they were born in the city state or not. Those born in a city state were the upper class while the new comers were the middle class and the lower class were the slaves. Only the male born in a particular state were allowed to vote. In Rome however the whole Empire was ruled by an Emperor and the government was divided into legislature branch which included the senate which advised the consuls, the executive branch which comprised of the consuls who were elected annually and the judiciary which was composed of six judges who had the responsibility of punishing the wrong doers. People in Rome voted when they became adults and even then only the wealthy men influenced the government.
The geographic areas of the two civilizations differed a lot which influenced the availability of food. The Greek civilization was very mountainous making it difficult to farm. This made even more difficult to trade with other city states and therefore each city state had depend on its people for their sustainability as it was difficult to move to other areas. They also kept animals and also practiced fishing because they were near the ocean. The Roman Empire on the other hand was in relatively conducive areas that allowed them to farm better. Most Romans farmed and depending on the area the plant grown was different for instance those who lived in relatively warm areas grew wheat while those in cold areas grew grapes and other fruits. The ancient Romans also kept animals like the ancient Greeks.
The two civilizations believed in Gods and worshipped in relatively different ways. The Greeks had several gods and goddess in which they believed that each controlled a life aspect. The Romans too believed in gods and goddess. These civilizations often sacrificed animals to the gods and goddess especially when they were praying for certain things to happen for example they would pray for rain while experiencing persistence droughts. The ancient Greeks and the Romans build temples where they would pray together led by the priests. The temples were also utilized for offering sacrifices to their gods and goddess. The way of life in the two civilizations differed depending on whether one was rich or poor. The rich often wore more expensive clothes than the poor and lived in better houses. Every body in these societies had different roles with the men as the head of the family or master. Men did most of the responsibilities in which during the day they either farmed or sold commodities. Women spent most of their time in the houses performing the house responsibilities and also taking care of the children. Boys were usually sent to schools while girls spent their time with the women and were taught the house chores.
In both civilizations sports were vital in keeping fit and were practiced often and the winners of the competitions rewarded. In the Greek there were Olympics which were done every four years and were attended by men only. After work the people in both civilizations were entertained by slaves who played music from the ancient instruments like the harp and lyre. They also did other activities like making of sculptures and drawings. This art was not practiced by the Romans and was borrowed from the Greeks. These two civilizations also practiced festivities which were celebrated in stipulated areas constructed for this purpose. This idea of festivities was also started by the Greeks and later adopted by the Romans.
The role played by these two civilizations to the present day civilizations are tremendous for instance learning in schools, playing the Olympic games, farming, keeping animals, building places of worship and of course the many laws of nature and science that were discovered at the time of these civilizations. Most of the governments for example follow the Roman way of government with three branches that include the legislature, executive and the judiciary. The adoption of the constitution, democracy and many other practices are also borrowed from these two civilizations. It therefore evident that these civilizations have played a pivotal role to the present day way of life. The Roman way of worshipping and the way they believe in a super being is still followed today by the Roman Catholics. This belief has spread all over the world magnifying the extent of civilization of the Greek and Roman civilization. The building of special places of worship has also been greatly embraced by many present day people symbolizing that these civilizations have played major role in the present man life.
The Roman and Greek civilizations way of life is seen in most present day populations showing that these are probably the civilizations that have shaped the present way of life. Most of the theories and laws of nature that are utilized in the present day were either discovered during the Greek or Roman civilization. These two civilizations especially the Roman civilization led to the rise of the western civilization. These civilizations eased the way of living of the present populations by following the ways of these civilizations especially in the field of building and maintaining law and order by using constitution which is utilized in many countries. If it were not for these two civilizations may be the way of life would be totally different characterized by unlawfulness and stagnant development. Their ideas has made the present day man to think more critically and by use of the laws postulated during the times of these civilizations more and more developments are realized every year.
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